Third Prime Minister of Canada (1891-1892). Abbot became Prime Minister upon the death of John A. MacDonald, and governed for only 17 months before resigning due to his own ill health. A capable businessman, Abbott built the Canada Central Railway, and then advised the Canadian Pacific Railway and helped it raise funds and support. He was appointed to the Senate, from which place he served as Solicitor General and then President of the Privy Council under MacDonald before becoming Prime Minister. During his brief administration he focused on reforming the civil service and securing a reciprocity treaty with the United States.