The lack of any convincing evidence that racial minorities or women experienced the contemporary systemic discrimination so frequently claimed on their behalf raises ... questions. How did an industry based on a proverbial stack of cards become so well entrenched? How did Canada, a country which on any international scale appears to enjoy considerable racial harmony, come to be portrayed as profoundly racist, a country in which colour is said to be the defining issue in the life experience of every visible minority? The search for answers leads time and again to the action of politicians and bureaucrats in endorsing the agenda of politics based on group identity.
Martin Loney 1998 - from The Pursuit of Division: Race, Gender, and Preferential Hiring in Canada